Board of Directors
Our Board has been a source of stability and experience that has helped guide our growth from a small research startup to a global S&P 500 company that continues to execute on its corporate strategy of investing in scientific innovation to create transformative medicines for people with serious diseases in specialty markets.
Dr. Leiden became our Executive Chairman in April 2020. He was our Chief Executive Officer and President from 2012 through March 2020. He has been a member of our Board of Directors since July 2009, the Chairman of our Board of Directors since May 2012, and served as our lead independent director from October 2010 through December 2011. Dr. Leiden was a Managing Director at Clarus Ventures, a life sciences venture capital firm, from 2006 through January 2012. Dr. Leiden was President and Chief Operating Officer of Abbott Laboratories, Pharmaceuticals Products Group, and a member of the Board of Directors of Abbott Laboratories from 2001 to 2006. From 1987 to 2000, Dr. Leiden held several academic appointments, including the Rawson Professor of Medicine and Pathology and Chief of Cardiology and Director of the Cardiovascular Research Institute at the University of Chicago, the Elkan R. Blout Professor of Biological Sciences at the Harvard School of Public Health, and Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. He is an elected member of both the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Leiden serves as a director of Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, an insurance company. Dr. Leiden was a director and the non-executive Vice Chairman of the board of Shire plc, a specialty biopharmaceutical company, from 2006 to January 2012, and a director of Quest Diagnostics, a medical diagnostics company, from December 2014 to May 2019. Dr. Leiden received his M.D., Ph.D. and B.A. degrees from the University of Chicago.
Dr. Kewalramani is our Chief Executive Officer and President and became a member of our Board of Directors in February 2020. She was our Executive Vice President and Chief Medical Officer from April 2018 through March 2020. She was our Senior Vice President, Late Development from February 2017 until April 2018. From August 2004 to January 2017, she served in roles of increasing responsibility at Amgen Inc., most recently as Vice President, Global Clinical Development, Nephrology & Metabolic Therapeutic Area and as Vice President, U.S. Medical Organization. From 2014 through 2019, Dr. Kewalramani was the industry representative to the FDA’s Endocrine and Metabolic Drug Advisory Committee. She completed her internship and residency in Internal Medicine at the Massachusetts General Hospital and her fellowship in Nephrology at the Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women’s Hospital combined program. Dr. Kewalramani holds a B.A. from Boston University and an M.D. from Boston University School of Medicine. Dr. Kewalramani also completed the General Management Program at Harvard Business School and is an alumnus of the school.
Dr. Bhatia joined our board in 2015. She currently serves as the John J. and Dorothy Wilson Professor of Engineering at MIT, Director of the Marble Center for Cancer Nanomedicine, and an investigator for the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. She also holds appointments at the Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, the Broad Institute, the Wyss Institute, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital. In 2018, Dr. Bhatia was on sabbatical from MIT while she served as a co-founder of Glympse Bio, a private company focused on developing in vivo sensing technology dedicated to disease monitoring. Prior to joining MIT in 2005, Dr. Bhatia was a professor of bioengineering and medicine at the University of California at San Diego from 1998 through 2005. Dr. Bhatia holds a Sc.B. in Biomedical Engineering from Brown University, an S.M. in Mechanical Engineering and a Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering from MIT, and an M.D. from Harvard Medical School. Dr. Bhatia was the 25th person in history to be an elected member of all three US National Academies: National Academy of Science, the National Academy of Medicine, and the National Academy of Engineering. She has been honored with the Lemelson-MIT Prize, the Heinz Medal, and the Othmer Gold Medal for groundbreaking inventions and advocacy for women in STEM fields.
Mr. Carney joined our Board in 2019. He currently serves as the Chief Executive Officer of Carney Global Ventures, LLC, an early round investor, a position he has held since March 2007. Mr. Carney was the Chief Executive Officer of ChaSerg Technology Acquisition Corp., a technology acquisition company, from September 2018 until March 2020. He was the Chief Executive Officer of Brocade Communications Systems Inc., or Brocade, a global supplier of networking hardware and software, from January 2013 until November 2017, when it was acquired by Broadcom. Prior to Brocade, Mr. Carney served as Chief Executive Officer of Xsigo Systems, a cloud-based infrastructure solutions provider, until its acquisition by Oracle in 2012. He has also served as the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of Micromuse Inc., a software solutions provider for business and service assurance, until its acquisition by IBM. Earlier in his career he had held senior leadership roles at Juniper Networks, Inc., Nortel Networks Inc., and Bay Networks, Inc. Mr. Carney serves as a member on the Board of Directors of Visa Inc., Nuance Communications, Inc. and Grid Dynamics Holdings, Inc. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering Technology from Wentworth Institute of Technology, a Master of Science degree in Applied Business Management from Lesley College, and an Honorary Doctorate degree in Engineering from Wentworth Institute of Technology.
Dr. Garber joined our Board in 2017. He is currently the Provost of Harvard University, the Mallinckrodt Professor of Health Care Policy at Harvard Medical School, a Professor of Economics in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Professor of Public Policy in the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, and a Professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management in the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. From 1998 until he joined Harvard in 2011, he was the Henry J. Kaiser Jr. Professor, a Professor of Medicine, and a Professor (by courtesy) of Economics, Health Research and Policy, and of Economics in the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University. Dr. Garber is a member of the National Academy of Medicine, the American Society of Clinical Investigation, the Association of American Physicians, and the American Academy for Arts and Sciences. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American College of Physicians, and the Royal College of Physicians. Dr. Garber is also a Research Associate with the National Bureau of Economic Research and served as founding Director of its Health Care Program for nineteen years. He also has served as a member of the National Advisory Council on Aging at the National Institutes of Health, as a member of the Board of Health Advisers of the Congressional Budget Office and as Chair of the Medicare Evidence Development and Coverage Advisory Committee at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Dr. Garber has been a member of the Board of Directors of Exelixis, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company, since 2005. Dr. Garber holds an A.B. summa cum laude, an A.M. and a Ph.D., all in Economics, from Harvard University, and an M.D. with research honors from Stanford University.
Mr. Kearney joined our Board in 2011. He served as the Chief Operating Officer of Hospira, Inc., a specialty pharmaceutical and medication delivery company, from April 2006 to January 2011. From April 2004 to April 2006, he served as Hospira’s Senior Vice President, Finance, and Chief Financial Officer, and he served as Acting Chief Financial Officer through August 2006. Mr. Kearney served as Vice President and Treasurer of Abbott Laboratories from 2001 to April 2004. From 1996 to 2001, Mr. Kearney was Divisional Vice President and Controller for Abbott’s International Division. Mr. Kearney has served as a member of the Board of Directors at Acceleron Pharma Inc., a biopharmaceutical company, since July 2014. He served as a member of the Board of Directors of Innoviva (formerly known as Theravance, Inc.), a royalty management company, from October 2014 through April 2016, and as member of the Board of Directors of AveXis, Inc., a gene therapy company, from January 2016 until its acquisition in May 2018. Mr. Kearney has been a member of the Board of Directors of Levo Therapeutics, Inc., a biotechnology company focused on developing treatments for Prader-Willi Syndrome, since 2018. He received his B.S. in biology from the University of Illinois and his M.B.A. from the University of Denver.
Mr. Lee joined our Board in 2012. He serves as the Chief Executive Officer of Allego Inc., a technology company focused on modern sales learning and readiness, and Executive Chairman of Clarabridge, Inc. Since 2013, he has also been Executive in Residence of General Catalyst Partners, a venture capital firm. Mr. Lee was the Vice President of IBM’s Enterprise Marketing Management Group from November 2010 through January 2013. Mr. Lee co-founded Unica Corporation, a provider of software and services used to automate marketing processes, in 1992, and was Unica’s President and/or Chief Executive Officer from 1992 through November 2010, when Unica was acquired by IBM. From 1989 to 1992, Mr. Lee was a senior consultant at Digital Equipment Corporation, a supplier of general computing technology and consulting services. Mr. Lee holds a B.S. and an M.S. in electrical engineering and computer science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and an M.B.A. from Babson College.
Ms. McGlynn joined our Board in 2011. Ms. McGlynn retired from Merck & Co. in 2009, where she served as President, Vaccines and Infectious Diseases and as President, Hospital and Specialty Products. During her 26-year career at Merck, she also held various leadership roles in the U.S. and globally in marketing, sales, managed care and business development. Following her retirement, Ms. McGlynn served as the President and Chief Executive Officer of the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, a global not-for-profit organization whose mission is to ensure the development of safe, effective and accessible HIV vaccines for use throughout the world, from 2011 until 2015. Ms. McGlynn serves as a member of the Board of Directors for Amicus Therapeutics, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company. She is also a member of the National Industrial Advisory Committee at the University at Buffalo School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Ms. McGlynn holds a B.S. in Pharmacy and an M.B.A. in Marketing and an Honorary Doctorate from the State University of New York at Buffalo.
Mr. Sachs joined our Board in 1998 and is the Board's lead independent director. Mr. Sachs is a General Partner at Charles River Ventures, a venture capital firm he joined in 1999. From 1998 to 1999, he served as Executive Vice President and General Manager of Ascend Communications, Inc. From 1997 until 1998, Mr. Sachs served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Stratus Computer, Inc. From 1995 to 1997, he served as Executive Vice President and General Manager of the Internet Telecom Business Group at Bay Networks, Inc. From 1993 to 1995, he served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Xylogics, Inc. Mr. Sachs holds a B.S.E.E. in electrical engineering from Bucknell University, an M.E.E. in electrical engineering from Cornell University, and an M.B.A. from Northeastern University.
Ms. McKenzie joined our Board in June 2020. From February 2016 until April 2019, she served as Chief Information Officer of Workday, Inc., a cloud-based financial and human capital management software company. From 2004 through February 2016, she held roles of increasing responsibility at Amgen Inc., a biotechnology company, most recently serving as Senior Vice President and Chief Information Officer. Ms. McKenzie served for 17 years at Eli Lilly and Company, a pharmaceutical company, in various leadership roles, focused on drug development, reducing time to market and improving technology and security standards. She currently serves as a member on the Board of Directors of MetLife, Inc. and Change Healthcare Inc., and as a Special Advisor to Brighton Park Capital. Ms. McKenzie holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Computer Information Systems from Purdue University and completed the Information Technology Management Program at University of California, Los Angeles.
The following table provides the committee membership for our board of directors.